How to Write a Summary of an Article? Aztecs Incas and Spanish Empires During the creation of the Spanish empire, very many native tribes were destroyed. They destroyed the people alongside their culture and in the case of the Incas and the Aztecs tried to eliminate every trace of these people because they were pagans. The first attraction they had to these peoples lives were the treasure that they possessed.
The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century. But their troubles became far greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived. Byhe had destroyed the Aztec Empire.
Present-day Mexico City covers the area where the Aztec capital once stood. Much of Aztec culture was destroyed, but some artifacts are now held in museums. Ruins of the Aztec capital have been uncovered from beneath the streets of modern Mexico City. When Christopher Columbus and his crew encountered Maya people inthe Maya civilization had greatly declined.
Afterconflicts within the Maya lands had resulted in divisions that caused the civilization to fall from its former height.
The Maya fought back valiantly. By the mids, Spanish cities were founded in the Maya lands. Many Maya were killed or mistreated, but a few high-ranking members of the community retained some official control.
The Inca had already had some contact with Europeans, and many had died of European diseases. The empire was also weakened by a civil war between two ruling brothers. Pizarro manipulated the two sides, eventually defeating both. The Spanish took over all the Incan lands within 40 years, taking vast quantities of gold, destroying the cities, and nearly erasing an entire civilization.
Much of what is known today about the Inca comes from archaeologists. The mountaintop ruins of the Incan city of Machu Picchu were discovered in by Hiram Bingham, an American explorer. Located high in the Andes Mountains, the city was hidden from the Spanish and left intact.Incas vs.
Aztecs Prior to Cortez landing, there were many civilizations that held power in the Americas. These groups included the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Mayans, Toltecs, Aztecs, and Incas. The two of these civilizations that had some of the most lasting effects were the Aztecs and the Incas.
For example the most important Aztec gods were; Tlaloc the god of rain, Huitzilopochtli the patron god of the Mexica tribe, Quetzalcoatl the culture hero and god civilization and order, and Tezcatlipoca the god of the destiny, fortune and is slightly connected with war and sorcery.
The Inca Empire, also known as the Inka Empire or Incan Empire, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political, and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru.
The emperor of the Inca was known as the Sapa Inca. The first Sapa Inca was Manco Capac. He founded the Kingdom of Cuzco around AD.
The city of Cuzco would remain the capital of the empire as it expanded in the coming years. The Inca expanded into a great empire under the reign of Pachacuti.
Regions of the Aztec, Maya and Inca civilizations. The civilizations of the Aztecs, Incas and Maya were the towering achievements of the peoples that arrived in . Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations begins by placing three ancient Mesoamerican civilizations in geographical context.
Students explore ruins of ancient Maya temples and pyramids as they learn about Maya culture, including their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics.