A literary analysis of the masculine dismissal of womens quest in the odyssey

I agree that Penelope is one of the most important female figures in this epic, and she is one of the few female heroes in Classical literature. One of the defining aspects of being a heroine is that, rather than the brute strength and battle courage displayed by male heroes, Penelope is often

A literary analysis of the masculine dismissal of womens quest in the odyssey

An analysis of the 18th century period in history

Complications regarding class and gender divisions are explored through techniques such as irony. The traditional use of comedia was utilised to overshadow the tragic elements of the court case.

The effectiveness of the technique Deus ex Machina is challenged by satire and anachronism. Ultimately, through the use of various techniques Atwood effectively creates postmodern perceptions of The Odyssey. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War.

Source Overview of chapter 26 Ch. The Trial of Odysseus, as Videotaped by the Maids. After the judge decided to dismiss the case against Odysseus, the Maids, who were determined to get justice, called upon twelve Furies: We implore you to inflict punishment and exact vengeance on our behalf!

Be our defenders, we who had none in life!

A literary analysis of the masculine dismissal of womens quest in the odyssey

Hence, The Penelopaid contrasts with The Odyssey since most ancient writings focalise the patriotic achievements of males. Consequently, Atwood challenges traditional male-oriented history through focusing on female characters.

This turns the maids into enigmatic products of the wrath dealt against them whilst Odysseus is now reinvented into a megalomaniac. Accordingly, the focus of female characters creates insight into gender and class issues within The Odyssey. The Penelopiad Act 2 Irony The Penelopaid successfully reconstructs and provides a voice to characters in order to address contradictions overlooked in The Odyssey.

The repetition of the line attributes to the significance of their story being told. This reveals postmodern interpretations of Odysseus that arise from the irony of his behaviour. Penelope explains that the mentality in which Odysseus executes the suitors is for committing adultery and squatting in his house.

The Odyssey by Homer

Hence, the repetition of the lines creates a power shift as Odysseus was the one in a position of power in The Odyssey, however, the irony of his actions belittles his reputation.

Comedia and Tragedy Atwood utilises techniques of comedy and tragedy to provoke the audience. Laws within modern society has deemed rape is illegal in most western societies such as Australia.

Atwood takes the negative perceptions of rape into account as she utilises tragedy to address rape within the court case. The element of traditional tragedy reconstructs Odysseus into an unstable persona who executed the maids out of megalomania.

This is since the audience is morally inclined to sympathise with the maids. Nonetheless, Atwood emotionally conflicts the audience with elements of comedy. This creates irony since judges are expected to comply with human rights.

Comedia The use of comedia is utilised in order to challenge the power of authority within the court case. Satirical elements that challenge twenty-first-century court systems highlight how the complexity of Deus ex Machina and anachronism creates issues in maintaining seriousness within the text.

This implies that Deus ex Machina creates unnecessary complications to texts regardless of the era it is utilised. Ergo, the emphasis on satirical elements that Deus ex Machina produces challenges the legitimacy of the technique. Atwood explores the problematic nature of the technique since it is utilised when a writer does not know how to resolve plot complications.

The inclusion of gods in the courtroom symbolises disorder, contrasting to the setting which signifies order. This implies the cycle of chaos that persisted from The Iliad to the bloodshed in The Odyssey would continue out of the control of judicial law since the use of Deus ex Machina invites spontaneity.

Furthermore, the chapter ends without solving the major issue, showing novelistic discourse with open-ended qualities. Consequently, this leaves the audience restless without a completed picture towards how the court case ended.

This highlights the issues that arise from utilising literary devices used years ago creating ambiguous, anachronistic element to the text. Henceforth, through utilising Deus ex Machina Atwood highlights the convolution the technique adds to the plot of a text.

The Fury near the top of the vase is adorned with her characteristic snakes. Source The reinvention of characters within The Odyssey presents postmodern perceptions of The Odyssey.

Issues of Deus ex Machina are investigated through the anachronistic spontaneity it invites to the text.

From the SparkNotes Blog

The Penelopaid makes it exceedingly clear that The Odyssey is far more complex than an epic entailing the adventure of Odysseus Related.Odysseus encounters Agamemnon’s spirit in Hades. Agamemnon was murdered by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus, upon his return from the war.

He was later avenged by his son Orestes. Their story is constantly repeated in the Odyssey to offer an inverted image of the fortunes of Odysseus and Telemachus.


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At the behest of Islamists and leftists. As The Odyssey takes place over many years and miles, there are a number of female characters that feature in the story. I agree that Penelope is one of the most important female figures in this. An analysis of the role of women in Homer's "The Odyssey" demonstrating that although women, both human and divine are important, none are quite as important as the hero of this tale.

Homer like the rest of his culture, sees women as either helpers or hindrances, always as . The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

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