Not only did he take control of Atlanta, a major railroad hub, and Savannah, a major sea port, but he laid the land between Atlanta and Savannah to waste, destroying all that was in his path. Before the March Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman ledmen into the southern city of Atlanta. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,
Grant chose to step up the war in after realizing that limited campaigns against Confederate forces were having little effect.
Both knew that the war had to end quickly if the Union were to be restored. Grant therefore ordered his close friend and fellow general William Tecumseh Sherman to take a small force through the heart of the Deep South. That summer, Sherman embarked on his now-famous March to the Sea, defeated Confederate troops protecting Atlanta, Georgia, and then besieged the city.
When the citizens of Atlanta failed to surrender, Sherman burned the city and then marched on to Savannah. Along the way, he destroyed railroads, burned homes, razed crops, and generally looted and pillaged the entire countryside—one witness said a tornado could not have done more damage.
Total War Prior toboth Union and Confederate commanders had waged a rather limited war, with the armies usually fighting only each other, without inflicting damages on innocent civilians or private property.
Lincoln, Grant, and Sherman realized, however, that they would have to use a new strategy to end the war, because it was the support of these very same civilians that was keeping the war going in the South. Only when Southern civilians demanded an end to the war would the Confederacy lose its will to fight.
As a result, Lincoln, Grant, and Sherman decided to open up a total war in which no one was innocent and private property was fair game. Pressure on Lincoln As the fighting dragged on into latemore and more pressure fell on Lincoln to end the war.
He came under fire from a growing number of Peace Democrats who wanted to strike a deal with the South. They believed that Lincoln and his generals had shown that they were incapable of restoring the Union, and many were also angry that Lincoln had made the war about slavery and emancipation.
From the other side, Radical Republicans also attacked Lincoln, claiming that he was not harsh enough on the South.
The Election of Bitterness and uncertainty clouded the election of Despite opposition from the radicals, the Republican Party lukewarmly nominated Lincoln for a second term.
In a surprise move, Lincoln chose as his running mate Democrat Andrew Johnson from the reconquered state of Tennessee, hoping that Johnson would win him votes from prowar Democrats in the North.
In the end, Lincoln managed to win 55 percent of the popular vote. Importance of the Election The election of was crucial because its outcome would determine the entire direction of the war: Although Lincoln believed he would lose—even though the Union was finally winning, he thought that most Northerners were against continuation of the war—his reelection ultimately provided a clear mandate to demand unconditional surrender.
Thousands were deserting the army, thousands more were going hungry at home, and thousands of slaves were fleeing to Union lines. President Jefferson Davis tried desperately to hold the Confederate government together, but none of the states would cooperate.
In the final month of the war, the Confederacy grew so desperate that it even began to offer slaves their freedom if they would enlist in the Confederate army.In , General William T. Sherman's "March to the sea" was designed to demoralize southerners Robert E.
Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant @ Appomattox Courthouse. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, – February 14, ) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. This is an analysis of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman and his scorched-earth tactics employed during the "March to the Sea".
Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was a contradiction embodied.
A Southern woman's account of Sherman's March to the Sea. Sherman's "scorched earth" campaign began on November 15th when he cut the last telegraph wire that linked him to his superiors in the North.
In , General William T. Sherman's "March to the sea" was designed to demoralize southerners Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant @ Appomattox Courthouse. to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (), began in Atlanta on November 15, , and concluded in Savannah on December 21, Union general William T.
Sherman abandoned his supply line and marched across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean to prove to the Confederate population .