To the seventeenth century belongs the height of Jacobean drama, the flowering of the sonnet, and the achievements of Renaissance lyric poetry. Such works may all be considered literary products of a Humanistic century—they are the high-water mark of Humanistic philosophy with its belief in the importance of humanity and of human interests. What is more significant, the work shows with much skill one of the most attractive qualities of the age, for Bunyan draws on his Humanist contemporaries and their techniques to make his tale of the salvation of a soul one of the unique masterpieces of English literature.
Daniels, the Puritans were "[o]ne of the most literate groups in the early modern world", with about 60 percent of New England able to read. InMassachusetts required heads of households to teach their wives, children and servants basic reading and writing so that they could read the Bible and understand colonial laws.
Inthe government required all towns with 50 or more households to hire a teacher and towns of or more households to hire a grammar school instructor to prepare promising boys for college. Boys interested in the ministry were often sent to colleges such as Harvard founded in or Yale founded in Like Locke's blank slatePuritans believed that a child's mind was "an empty receptacle, one that had to be infused with the knowledge gained from careful instruction and education.
They also did not observe personal annual holidays, such as birthdays or anniversaries. They did, however, celebrate special occasions such as military victories, harvests, ordinationsweddings and births. These celebrations consisted of food and conversation.
Beyond special occasions, the tavern was an important place for people to gather for fellowship on a regular basis. Dancing was also discouraged at weddings or on holidays especially dancing around the Maypole and was illegal in taverns.
They also opposed blood sportssuch as cockfighting, cudgel-fighting and bear-baiting. Team sports, such as football, were problematic because "they encouraged idleness, produced injuries, and created bitter rivalries.
Other sports were encouraged for promoting civic virtue, such as competitions of marksmanship, running, and wrestling held within militia companies. They were most opposed to the theater. According to historian Bruce Daniels, plays were seen as "false recreations because they exhausted rather than relaxed the audience and actors" and also "wasted labor, led to wantonness and homosexuality, and invariably were represented by Puritans as a foreign—particularly French or Italian—disease of a similar enervating nature as syphilis.
Not only were card playing, dice throwing and other forms of gambling seen as contrary to the values of "family, work, and honesty", they were religiously offensive because gamblers implicitly asked God to intervene in trivial matters, violating the Third Commandment against taking the Lord's name in vain.
Having entered into such a covenant, eligible voters were responsible for choosing qualified men to govern and to obey such rulers, who ultimately received their authority from God and were responsible for using it to promote the common good.
If the ruler was evil, however, the people were justified in opposing and rebelling against him. They believed they were chosen by God to help redeem the world by their total obedience to his will. If they were true to the covenant, they would be blessed; if not, they would fail.
In Massachusetts, no new church could be established without the permission of the colony's existing Congregational churches and the government. In England, the king was head of both church and state, bishops sat in Parliament and the Privy Council, and church officials exercised many secular functions.
In New England, secular matters were handled only by civil authorities, and those who held offices in the church were barred from holding positions in the civil government.
New England magistrates did not investigate private views, but they did take action against public dissent from the religious establishment.
Historian Daniel Boorstin stated, "the Puritans had not sought out the Quakers in order to punish them; the Quakers had come in quest of punishment. Williams founded the city of Providence, Rhode Island.
He was almost immediately invited to become the teacher at the Boston church, but he refused the invitation on the grounds that the congregation had not separated from the Church of England. He then was invited to become the teacher of the church at Salem but was blocked by Boston political leaders, who objected to his separatism.
He thus spent two years with his fellow Separatists in the Plymouth Colony but ultimately came into conflict with them and returned to Salem, where he became the unofficial assistant pastor to Samuel Skelton.
He criticized the Puritan clergy's practice of meeting regularly for consultation, seeing in this a drift toward Presbyterianism.
Williams refused to back down, and the General Court warned Salem not to install him in any official position. In response, Williams decided that he could not maintain communion with the other churches in the colony nor with the Salem church unless they joined him in severing ties with the other churches.
Williams was ordered to leave the colony and given until spring to do so, provided he ceased spreading his views. Unwilling to do so, the government issued orders for his immediate return to England in Januarybut John Winthrop warned Williams, allowing him to escape.
He was one of the first Puritans to advocate separation of church and stateand Providence Plantation was one of the first places in the Christian world to recognize freedom of religion.Printed from vetconnexx.com On the Trial of Jesus. The purpose of this essay is to provide an overview of the many issues and questions.
PRIMARY SOURCES • Landmark Documents • Court Cases • Supreme Court Cases • Newspaper Articles • Obituaries VOICES • Overview & Resources • Asian American • Children • Civil Rights • Immigrant • Native Americans • Texas • Women MULTIMEDIA • Digital Stories. Essay Editing Services; Literature Essays; College Application Essays The Question and Answer sections of our study guides are a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss literature.
and Faithful show the traits they are names for and how do they affect Christian's journey in the allegory of the pilgrims progress. + free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. The “First Comers” were how the Pilgrims came to be known prior to the s. They were the Separatists from the Church of England in the 16th century.
After an hour on a plane, two in a taxi, three on a decrepit ferry, and then four more on buses driven madly along the tops of sheer cliffs by Greeks on cell phones, I rolled up to the front door.