Weekly group sessions focus on family management issues and the improvement of relationships with children, grandchildren, co-parents and other family members. For further information, please contact: The group strives to increase interaction between parents and their children; reduce family conflict; and improve healthy behavior through effective family management.
One of the most alarming social trends in the past 40 years is the increasing educational disadvantage of children raised in low-income families.
Differences between low- and high-income children in reading and math achievement are much larger now than they were several decades ago, as are differences in college graduation rates. What might account for these increasing achievement and attainment gaps? One obvious suspect is income inequality itself, which has increased dramatically during the same period.
But income inequality is hardly the only factor that may be widening the gaps. We focus here on the central concern of the Moynihan Report: The Moynihan Report focused on black families, but the rise in single-parent families transcends racial and ethnic boundaries. Data from the Current Population Survey show that between andthe proportion of black children living with a single parent more than doubled from 22 percent to 55 percent ; for white children, the percentage more than tripled from 7 percent to 22 percent.
Turning from race to class differences, we find that more than half 51 percent of low-income children entering adolescence were living in single-parent families around the time the Moynihan Report was published.
This figure jumped to 75 percent over the next three decades. The corresponding increase for adolescents in high-income families over that period is much smaller, from 3 percent to 6 percent. Troublingly, however, the negative relationship between living with a single parent and educational attainment has increased markedly since the time the Moynihan Report was published.
In other words, American children raised in single-parent homes appear to be at a greater disadvantage educationally than ever before. The PSID has followed a nationally representative sample of families and their children since Our sample consists of 6, individuals from whom information was collected on parental income and other characteristics between the ages of 14 and 16 and on completed schooling at age In some analyses, we also adjust for the average parental income when the child was between the ages of 14 and On average over the year period, children the PSID followed into early adulthood completed They spent 22 percent of the years between ages 14 and 16 living with a single parent, with 26 percent spending any of those years living with a single parent.
And their mothers were about 26 when these children were born and had completed The educational attainment gap for adults who lived in single-parent families in adolescence widened considerably over this period. Figure 1a shows the evolution of the gap in years of completed schooling by age 24 between children who, between the ages of 14 and 16, never lived with a single parent and those who lived with a single parent at least one of the three years.
While both groups saw increases in years of completed schooling over time, the gap between them widened from 0. This widening appears to accelerate around the mid- to late s. Figure 1b shows similar trends in college completion rates, with the gap between the groups roughly doubling over the 31 years, from 12 to 26 percentage points.
The Role of Single-Parent Families While the gap in educational attainment by family structure has widened over time, factors beyond family structure may be responsible for that trend.
Figure 2 shows the results of our efforts to explain the amount of schooling children completed through five factors: Finally, we report the results of models with and without adjusting for differences in parental income to show to what extent the estimated relationships between each of the factors and educational attainment might reflect associated differences in income.
For example, we would think differently about the nature of disadvantages imparted by single-parent family structure if all of the association between living in a single-parent family and completed schooling could be accounted for by lower family income. To facilitate comparisons across the five key explanatory variables, which are measured in different units, the figures report the change in completed schooling associated with an increase of one standard deviation in each one.
For the single-parent family measure, this represents an increase of 40 percentage points 1. The comparable changes for the other variables are 5.
Similar results are obtained for changes in maternal age at birth and number of siblings. Including the income variable in the model all but eliminates the estimated relationship between single-parent family structure and educational attainment, suggesting that differences in parental income play a key role in the educational disadvantage facing students raised in single-parent families.The National Council of Single Mothers and their Children Incorporated (NCSMC) has been an organisation for single mothers since its conception in the early `s.
Single Parent Family Association is an Incorporated Not-For-Profit Association. Single with Children being the social group. We are a social group building a community of friend, experiences and networks.
As a public service member association for all parents − single mothers, single fathers, married and unmarried couples − we preserve and support the parent-child relationship by providing free legal services to parents fighting to protect their rights, by bringing strategic litigation, and by advocating for legislative and policy reforms.
The Single Fathers’ Program is a family support group for custodial fathers, non-custodial fathers and grandfathers who have children under the age of 18 years. Weekly group sessions focus on family management issues and the improvement of relationships with children, grandchildren, co-parents and other family members.
Take Time For Family. Being a single parent can be overwhelming. Set aside some time each day to enjoy your children.
Spend quiet time playing, reading, working on arts-and-crafts projects, or just listening to music together. Your time is one of the most important things you can give to your children. Single Parent Advocate is a non-profit organization commited to educating, equipping and empowering single parents with resources, practical assistance, emotional encouragement and social networking to better their lives, and those of their children.