Mein Kampf[ edit ] Adolf Hitler devoted three chapters of his book Mein Kampfitself a propaganda tool, to the study and practice of propaganda. Although untrue — German propaganda during World War I was mostly more advanced than that of the British — it became the official truth of Nazi Germany thanks to its reception by Hitler.
Cults III Since cults make liberal use of many influence techniques, I find them fascinating and study them whenever the chance arises. The following page discusses cult influence tactics, but I think it's important to first define what I mean when I use the word "cult," and examine some important issues surrounding the topic before diving in.
Cults, like many other groups, attempt to expand their influence for the purposes of power or money. However, to achieve these ends, destructive cults employ a potent mixture of influence techniques and deception to attain psychological control over members and new recruits. This fundamental level of control is known alternatively as 'brainwashing,' 'thought reform,' or 'mind control.
That new identity may not be one that the person would have freely chosen under her own volition Hassan, There are over 3, destructive cults in the US, with approximately 4 million members.
They fall into 4 basic types: Nazism was originally a cult, and cults can still be found lurking in the left and right wings of American politics.
Established religions and altruistic movements are focused outward--they attempt to better the lives of members and often, nonmembers. They make altruistic contributions. Cults serve their own purposes, which are the purposes of the cult leader; their energies are focused inward rather than outward Singer, Also, religions and altruistic movements typically lack the distinguishing characteristics of overbearing authoritarian control, the use of deception in recruitment, the use of coercive influence techniques, and the replacement of one identity with another which would not have been freely chosen by the individual before joining the group Hassan, Upon hearing about cult influence techniques, some of my students reason thus: This sort of reasoning represents the logical fallacy called "affirming the consequent.
When it rains, the sidewalk gets wet. The sidewalk is wet. It must have rained. You can see that there are a myriad of other reasons that might have caused a wet sidewalk, including the neighbor's garden hose, your leaky can of soda, the neighbor's dog yuk!
Similarly, there are a number of other defining characteristics that make a cult a cult, aside from the influence tactics they use.
What's wrong with them? The questions make me laugh, because they're a perfect example of how the wrong questions can frame and obscure an issue. Even when cult experts correctly point to the powerful environmental constraints generated by cults, rather than to the personalities and backgrounds of individual cult members, these media personalities single-mindedly press the question, "But what's wrong with cult members?
For the most part, normal, average people join cults--people like you and me. Research indicates that approximately two-thirds of cult members are psychologically healthy people that come from normal families. The remaining third are likely to have depressive symptoms, usually related to a personal loss--perhaps a death in the family, a failed romantic relationship, or career troubles.
Only 5 to 6 percent of cult members demonstrate major psychological problems prior to joining a cult Singer, Cults don't want, and don't recruit, people with psychological problems or physical handicaps--they represent a loss rather than a gain of cult-oriented productivity.
Cults prefer intelligent, productive individuals who are able to contribute money and talent to "the cause," whatever it may be Hassan, Here's some psychological background that can provide insight regarding cult induction--it's somewhat dense, so buckle in and hang on.
One of social psychology's great discoveries has been the overwhelming influence that the environment--the immediate situation--exerts on people's behavior. Yet, when assigning cause, observers will usually attribute cause to a person's personality, not the constraints of the environment.
This is such a persistent and reliable human bias--to assign cause to the person rather than to the environment--that it has been given the name of "the fundamental attribution error. In other words, given a powerful and engaging situation, people often react to it in a uniformly similar fashion, regardless of personality differences.
This truism has been demonstrated numerous times in the laboratory Sharif, Asch, Milgram. True to this discovery, there appears to be no reliable personality factor that predicts cult membership. However, certain situational elements make people more vulnerable to cult recruitment, and they include: These situations create the desire for quick, simple solutions.
Cults provide a myriad of "solutions," which are more importantly accompanied by structure, authority, and close social contacts--elements that people want, need, and which most of us take for granted in the course of our everyday lives.
According to psychologist and cult expert Margaret Thaler Singer, cults flourish during periods of social and political turbulence and "during breakdowns in the structure and rules of the prevailing society.
Here in America, cults flourished during the rule of the s counterculture. Civil unrest, the drug culture, the sexual revolution, and the weakening of the family left people looking for answers and assurance--which cults enthusiastically provided.
How do cults recruit an keep members, and then get them to behave in irrational and sometimes immoral ways? Adherence, advertise, advertising, advocacy, analysis, arizona state university, asu, art of persuasion, arguing, argument, argumentation, attitude, attitude change, belief, bias, brad sagarin, brainwashing, campaign, communicate, communication, conversion.
Compliance, comply, conform, conformity, consult, consultant, consulting, course, courtroom, credibility, credible, cult, cults, debate, decision making, education, emotion, executive education, executive program, executive training.rhetoric is used as a way to persuade and manipulate, much more life-threatening factors come into play when talking about people such as Hitler, Kim Jong Un, and the IS rebels.
Persuasion is not only used to gain something for selfish or evil reasons. Those who classify rhetoric as a civic art believe that rhetoric has the power to shape communities, form the character of citizens and greatly effect civic life.
Rhetoric was viewed as a civic art by several of the ancient philosophers. Thus, with an inherently unpersuasive message--such as the fantastic and bizarre inventions of cult leaders-- members who regularly have their self-esteem deflated will remain convinced.
And how better to do that but in a public display of culpability. Apr 16, · Adolf Hitler was born into a middle class family in April of His father, who died in , was an Austrian customs official whom young Adolf quickly learned to vetconnexx.coms: The difference between persuasion and manipulation has been a subject of debate for literally thousands of years.
In ancient Greece during the 4 th century BC the father of persuasion, Aristotle, opposed a group of teachers known as the Sophists. Identifying Feature #3: Cults manipulate.
Cults use pressure tactics and deception to recruit members, and they coerce members into submission, into staying. (Revelation ) Identifying Feature #4: Cults appeal to miracles as a sign of their divine credentials, especially when .