It introduced the character of Count Draculaand established many conventions of subsequent vampire fantasy. Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literaturehorror fictionthe gothic noveland invasion literature.
Brice Ezell Origins of a New Species: I thank Emma Plaskitt of the University of Oxford for her extensive comments on a draft of this essay. Curiously enough, however, while Darwin will receive mention in analyses of the novel, few critics have taken to a fully fleshed Darwinian reading.
Glennis Byron Ontario, Canada: Broadview, To overlook the echoes of Darwinian ideas in a text such as Dracula missed opportunity. Darwinian biology, though, deserves closer attention than it has received.
In narrowing the scope to the plot of Dracula these complex Darwinian associations will be less muddied by the multiplicity of literary and social variables of Victorian England.
Chicago UP, Nora Barlow Charlottesville, VA: InteLex, In both narratives, new species or development within a species changes the understanding of the environment as 11 Ibid, Gillian Beer Oxford, UK: Oxford UP, All needless matters have been eliminated, so that a history almost at variance with the possibilities of later-day belief may stand forth as simple fact.
Science is not the only element at play here, however. One of the biggest charges levelled at evolutionary theory upon its public release had to do with the way Darwin and like-minded contemporaries like T.
In order to best establish the link between degeneration in the general sense and Darwinian biology, it is important to consider the figure of the Count himself. The blood is the life! Seward with a knife. Count,24 but there are biological parallels here as well. As Darwin observes, the optimal ecosystem should have high species diversity, which results in a more efficient allocation of resources, which then prevents predators from over-consuming the environment and its inhabitants.
See Byron, Ibid, Byron is likely referring here to Vlad Tepes, King of Wallachia, though he makes no mention of any specific documents that Stoker read. See also Blinderman,for a good overview of the roots of the Dracula character.
Were the Count to have overpowered Jonathan Harker and his entourage, he could have ostensibly overrun London, placing more of his coffin-beds across the landscape to ensure he could remain mobile.
When held in this light, the novel becomes not just an especially chilling gothic tale, but also an illustrative example of how any potential dangerous species could upend an ecosystem. The vampire figure and Darwinian evolution both operate on death, but the key distinction comes in the method of death used by each.
This ties back into the notion of degeneration in that the evolutionary process, under a vampiric model, becomes thwarted, turning a once blooming, diverse ecosystem into a single-mindedly bloodthirsty one.
University of Chicago Press,The Evolution of the Vampire in Fiction and Popular Culture Stoker’s Dracula was first published in and from that point forward the novelist’s title character set the precedent for the Countess was sentenced to seclusion and she died three years later (Brown ).
In Count Dracula's declaration from Bram Stoker's iconic vampire novel is, in many ways, descriptive of the Gothic genre.
Like the shape-shifting Transylvanian Count, the Gothic encompasses and has manifested itself in many forms since its emergence in with the publication of Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto.
With Dracula Untold arriving in theaters, we look back at more than a century of vampire evolution in our books, movies, and TV. The Count therefore devotes the remainder of his life to two aims, believing that his desire for vengeance has run its course, and that instead he must do what he can to help those close to him to achieve their own fates, in accordance with the will of a God for whom, the Count realizes, he .
Origins of a New Species: Darwinian Themes in Bram Stoker’s Dracula Brice Ezell This is a rough version of this paper; feel free to send me a message via my Academia page with any comments.
I thank Emma Plaskitt of the University of Oxford for her extensive comments on a draft of this essay. Bram. Many artists in the modern vampire genre have embraced and utilized Darwin's theories of evolution in their artistic creations. In Suzy McKee Charnas's groundbreaking novel, The Vampire Tapestry, her vampire is the result of a genetic mutation.